Technical Report On The Water Sector

11 September 2017 | Prepared for Tshikululu/ FirstRand Foundation | Research Report


  1. Water System Definition

The water system is made up of complex relationships and interdependencies between the natural environment, society, governance and the built environment.

South Africa is water constrained, with half the world’s average annual rainfall, which is seasonal and unevenly distributed. Pre-democracy regimes prioritized the needs of mining and commercial (white) agriculture and their associated socio-economic development through significant investment in engineered infrastructure.

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